Return to Index Page


Is Man an Animal?

By Richard Gunther


From childhood I was taught that humans were descended from a branch of primates, and that primates were themselves descendants of other forms of life. The process of evolution, I was told, was caused by various factors - a slowly changing environment, mutations, and the struggle to survive which led to advantageous adaptations.

The giraffe was often used as an illustration of evolution by adaptation. This creature, it was said, attained its long neck because, over millions of years, successive generations of giraffe reached for ever-higher branches. The longer the neck, the more viable the creature was to survive. It was not until I read up on genetics that I saw through the fallacy of this idea.

The truth is, genes, DNA and alleles carry only a limited number of possible variations. A giraffe may have only one maximum length for its neck, and never any more than that. No amount of ‘natural selection’ will ever alter the genetic blueprint, so acquired characteristics are absolutely unable to produce a new type of giraffe, let alone a new creature. The amount of time here is irrelevant. Billions of years would never make the slightest difference to the genes.

Another example of this unchangeable rule is : the pigeon. Over the years many hundreds of different types of pigeon have been artificially bred, and a huge variety of shapes has been produced, but no new type or species of bird has ever appeared. The gene pool allows for great variety but never any more than that.

With dogs it is exactly the same. There are hundreds of breeds, with a wide variety of sizes, colours, coats and temperaments, but no new species of dog has ever been produced. All dogs are inter-fertile. The same can be said for horses, and cats, budgies, cows, and other animals which man selectively breeds.

Cross-breeding of the same species utilizes the available gene pool, but it never adds anything to the genes - that would be the only way a new species could ever appear.

Another piece of evolutionary interpretation I received from my school Science teacher was the idea that the finches on the Galapagos Islands, (called Darwin’s finches) demonstrated evolution. There are several types of finch, all with specialized beaks and behaviour. I was told that these birds represented several new lines of finch, each of which would eventually become a separate species. In other words, given enough time, none of these finches would eventually be inter-fertile. This assumes that chromosomes and genes can be altered radically without any direct intervention by Man.

But when Darwin wrote his book, he knew virtually nothing about genetics. Those finches were simply expressing different alleles, just as pigeons, dogs and cats do today.

It used to be theorized, before genetics became a science, that changes could occur through mutilation. This has since been proved utterly without foundation. For example, if a dog’s tail is clipped, it does not have puppies with short tails. Neither does foot-binding produce babies with small feet. Circumcision has been practiced by Jews for centuries, but no change has occurred to male Jews. Mutilation affects only the living organism, never the DNA. Obviously mutilation of the parent makes no difference to the offspring.

Another proposed way for animals to evolve is by mutation, but mutations have been found to be either disadvantageous to the organism, or deadly. For example, fruit flies have been bombarded with radiation over successive generations, in the hope that some ‘lucky mutation’ may occur, producing a fruit fly with some advantageous mutation. No such event has ocurred. All the fruit flies, (which represents hundreds of generations) have come out deformed and less viable than their parent to survive in the wild.

But let us suppose, just for the sake of the discussion, that Man is in fact nothing more or less than an animal. This would put the human species on absolutely the same footing, biologically as all other animals. This would level Mankind as low as the virus, the bacteria, and all other microorganisms. There would be no intrinsic difference between Man and flies, or Man and elephants. All of Man’s value-systems, his politics, his art, music, science, philosophy, and even his so-called spirituality, would be no more ‘valuable’ - as indicators of difference, that the bellowing of a bull or the hissing of a snake. Man would lose all value, to himself and to the universe, because if Man was an animal the universe would, logically, have to be absolutely empty of purpose.

This point of view, which springs logically out of the theory of Evolution, can be rather devastating. It destroys the foundation for optimism, hope, and meaning in life. It reduces positivism to a totally subjective decision on the part of those who choose it. It drains meaning from words such as "love" and "beautiful".

But there are few humans who let the theory of evolution sink right down to their bellies. The nearer it comes to full acceptance, the more uncomfortable people feel, so, I suspect, most people keep the theory near the top of their head - as a theory without a conclusion. The theory itself is much like a car which one buys from a ‘sharp’ car sales man. You sit in the plush seat and steer as the man pushes the car out the gate. He assures you that the car is the best model, and as you roll down the hill you feel excitement at the suspension, the paint job, the quietness of the engine. At the bottom of the hill the car rolls to a dead stop, so you lift the bonnet to check the engine and find that it has none. Evolution is much the same.

What is an animal?

The definition of "animal" is quite complicated.

Animals are multicellular organisms. They obtain their energy from organic substances produced by other organisms. Their genetic material is contained within thin-walled cells with a distinct nucleus. Most animals are capable of moving around. As far as the definition goes, Man is therefore an animal, but the definition is limited, because it is based solely on biology. There is a lot more to Man than a simple biological definition.

For example, we could define "car" this way : "small, driver-guided, passenger-carrying motor-vehicle" (Hutchinson’s Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition). To some people this definition would be totally inadequate. To them a "car" could also mean emotive things, such as -

1. The hideaway they played in as kids

2. The gleaming, restored gift their parents gave to them in their teens

3. The flower-decked wedding vehicle

4. The holiday transport which took them to numerous beaches and parks

In short, the car would be a reminder of many happy and/or unhappy memories. Objectively and technically the car would still fit the simple definition, but that would be the barest minimum one could say about it. And what would "car" mean to a scientist, an oil-refinery manager, a handicapped person, a road accident victim, or a chemist?

It is the same with Man. One may reduce Man (or anything at all) to a short, precise definition, but if that was what we did all the time, we would simply be seeing everything in terms of labels and definitions, and denying them their richness or variety. We could reduce a Beethoven symphony to a brief musical note on a sheet of paper. We could stop a Beethoven symphony and label all the instruments, then admire the labels rather than the music.

Is Man an animal? By one simple biology-based definition, he is, but by another definition he is something far more. Before we look at this other view of man, we ought to clarify the situation.

There are, as far as I know, only two possible ways of examining Man :

1. From the point of view of evolution.

2. From the point of view of the Bible.

It is therefore a battle between Darwin and God. Darwin maintains that Man ascended gradually upwards from apes, God maintains that Man was created directly and instantly and from that point descended. There is no middle position which blends the two. If one examines the first two chapters of Genesis, there is no correlation between the days of Creation and the theory of evolution. Each Genesis day is qualified by "the evening and the morning" indicating that it was a literal, 24 hour day. This is carried through to other parts of the Bible, for example when God ordered the Sabbath, he pinned it to the fact that it took "six days" to create the world, followed by "one day" of rest. The following summary may help to show this :

Day One : Formless beginning, light appears, empty, rotating earth.

Evolution : Universe explodes

Day Two : Atmosphere and seas

Evolution : Billions of years, universe expands, cools, forms galaxies etc.

Day Three : Dry land appears defining seas, All kinds of plants start growing on land

Evolution : Primordial warm water, first living cells form by accident

Day Four : Sun, moon and stars created

Evolution : Sea creatures crawl on to land

Day Five : Water and sea creatures, and birds created

Evolution : Amphibians and land creatures grow wings

Day Six : All land animals and first humans created - glorious and perfect No death or decay. All animals eating only plants.

Evolution : Millions of years of killing, dying, mutations and natural selection, finally apes evolve, then primitive humans.

The two views are as different as black is from white. In the Creation account, God begins His universe fully powered up and complete. Man is created as a glorious and intellectually and physically and spiritually perfect creature. There is no death or decay of animal life, no ‘wildness’ or violence between Man and animals.

In the evolution account billions of years are required, the ‘Big Bang’ is given as the origin of matter and energy, and random processes are assumed for the origin of all complexity. Millions of years of dying, savagery and brutality are required, plus mutations and the battle for survival. Man is dragged up from the ape family tree and 'ennobled' with gradually developing skills.

Because the two accounts are so different, it is impossible to mix them together without doing violence to Scripture. Many theologians have tried to combine the two views, but never with any great success. Usually, in such attempts, the Bible has to be reinterpreted and altered to fit the theory rather than the other way round.

But there is some reliable Science which supports the Genesis account very firmly -

There is a very strong argument against evolution based on the 2nd Law of thermodynamics. This law describes basic principles familiar to us in everyday life. Put simply, the law states that any complex system, left to itself, will eventually break down into less complex systems. For example, fresh fruit goes rotten, animals age and die, cars rust, perish and fall apart. On a larger scale, the sun is burning up its fuel, comets disintegrate, and earth’s magnetic field is decaying.

Through time, the whole universe’s order and the amount of useable energy is decreasing. Ultimately all the useable energy in the universe will be gone - our universe is running down. Yet evolutionists require the very opposite to happen for their theory to work. Evolutionists require a continuing trend towards increasing complexity, and order, so that, over time, things become more ordered and more complex. Despite all the present evidence to the contrary, and the well established scientific law of thermodynamics, evolutionists maintain that in the past everything went the opposite way. As there is no way of disproving this, it is all a matter of faith on their part.

The same principle applies to complexity. Evolutionists would have us believe that such things as galaxies, planetary systems, photosynthesis, the migration of monarch butterflies, metamorphosis and the DNA code (to name but a few) are all the result of random processes which are the result of increasing complexity. Out of these few examples, we will look briefly at DNA :

The DNA code in each of our cells is enormously complex. No chemical interaction of molecules has ever come close to producing this ultra-complex code which is so essential to all known life. Only DNA can produce DNA.

DNA is an absolutely incredible thing. It is something like a huge computer program stored on tiny strands less than one trillionth of an inch thick. What are the chances of something this complex appearing through chance? Nil.

And obviously, if there was no original DNA, fully functional and complete, then there could never be a copy made of it. Logically, this means that unless DNA was ‘on the scene’ fully functional and complete at the very first instance, no life could exist today. So we are forced into one of two camps : either DNA, (that is living organisms with cells containing the complete DNA sequence), appeared fully complete by accident, or they were created. There is no other known way by which something so complex could have come together. (The chance of DNA appearing by accident has been likened to an explosion in a machinery factory producing a jumbo jet, or an explosion in a printing works producing the complete works of Shakespeare.)

But evolutionists cling to the idea that, given enough time, and given enough opportunities, DNA will accidentally assemble itself. The main way this event can occur, they say, is by a thing called natural selection (formerly ‘survival of the fittest’). From the very first living cells, they say, right through to today’s highly complex creatures, natural selection is still helping to weed out the stronger from the weaker. There is no disputing the fact that this happens. Out of a litter of six, two die because they are small and weak. Out of a a hundred eggs, ten are eaten because their shells were thinner than the others. It is an efficient way of ensuring that only the best survive, and disadvantageous characteristics are not passed on.

But does natural selection drive evolution? Absolutely not. It is not capable of creating anything. It cannot produce new information or add anything to the genetic make-up of the organism. All it does is conserve a species and help to prevent deterioration.

The fossil record.

One of the main ‘planks’ on which those who claim that Man is an animal stand, is the fossil record. There, they say, is the evidence that life began simple and gradually evolved upward into more and more complex levels. There, they say is the proof that Man is an animal. The fossils tell the story of evolution.

But what does the fossil record really show?

Fact : Out of all the millions of fossils now discovered, not a single transitional form has ever been found. Surely, with all the fossils now available, we would expect to find just one series, showing how fish grew legs, or how mammals grew wings. Surely, out of all the tons of bones available we would find something to show how tyrannosaurus rex and other huge creatures evolved from tiny animals?

But no such series exists. In the fossil record all the basic kinds of animals and plants appear abruptly without ancestors. The fossil record represents mass extinction of life on a vast scale, and none of that is in a transitional stage.

What the fossil record shows is millions of animals and plants buried suddenly in and by sedimentary deposits. Fossils represent a vast cemetery, which stretches around the world. 80% of the world’s land comprises sedimentary rock, in which fossils are found. This indicates that at some time in the past the world was covered by fast moving water, which drowned and buried animals, plants and fish on a global scale. It is under sedimentary rock that we find coal - the remains of buried forests, and oil - the remains of organic material. collections.

The fossil record actually confirms the Bible story of Noah’s Ark, and disproves evolution.

Why does evolution have to be brought into this?

It is impossible to address the question which this essay is about without examining the theory of evolution, because the evolutionist is forced, by his theory, to say that Man is an animal. Outside of evolution there is no other explanation, other than Creation, and to most evolutionists the idea that life came from a Creator is untenable. Man, says the evolutionist, is "just" an animal. That is all Man is - nothing more or less.

But IF Man is just an animal - no more nor less, then :

1. Man cannot have a ‘spiritual’ aspect, because ‘spiritual’ implies more than the organic. Man may, he says, believe in ‘spiritual’ things, and even experience ‘spiritual’ feelings, but these are nothing but illusions.

2. Man is a machine. Man is nothing but a chemical skeleton, clothed in flesh which is itself a collection of chemicals. Man and all life are constructed out of atoms and molecules, which have no self-awareness in themselves. All of life is therefore a mechanical process, ultimately predictable and absolutely meaningless.

3. Man has no grounds for believing in Creation, a Creator, a purpose for life, or life after death. Man is not accountable to any Supreme being, because Man and the whole universe are the result of random unguided processes.

The strange things is, while evolutionists must ultimately hold these logical views - since they all flow logically and inevitably from the first premise, that life originated without the help of ‘God’ - very few evolutionists live consistently with their conclusions. They deny Creation but by their love of people, music and nature, they contradict what they profess, and betray their ‘createdness’ and actually bear witness to the Biblical point of view.

This is where we must examine the Bible point of view :

The writings of Darwin gave many unbelievers and enemies of Christianity what seemed to be ‘scientific’ arguments against God and the Bible. Darwin himself confessed (obliquely) that he had become a "murderer", because he saw where his theories were leading - the ‘death of God’. In a universe where only random processes, mutations, infinite time and natural selection operated, there was no place for God. Life could appear spontaneously without any help, Man could arise from apes, and the universe could be an endless stretch of emptiness, with no God watching or maintaining it.

But since Darwin, all the supports which ‘science’ built to prop up his theories have been questioned, refuted, and pulled down. There is now nothing but faith holding evolution up. Evolution has therefore become an alternative religion to millions, which they cling to tenaciously, despite the fact that there is nothing substantial to base it on. Many evolutionists defend the Theory with the religious fanaticism of Islamic militants!

But on the other hand, there is the Christian answer.

Man, the Christian must say, is not an animal. But this answer leads to the question : What about the similarities between Man and animals? Surely the many similarities between humans and animals ‘proves’ common origins? This argument works just as well for the Creationist as for the evolutionist. The Creationist says that the fact that there are similarities between humans and the entire animal kingdom is logical because all living things have a Common Designer.

Another reason why these similarities exist could be because God intended Man to relate well to the animals, to be sensitive to them, and to care for them. God also intended humans to enjoy His creation.

An illustration. Suppose someone were to suggest that the motorbike and the airplane were almost identical in every way? You would agree with them to the extent that both machines have seats, wheels, motors, lights, and a large number of other features, but you would disagree violently over the fact that one machine is designed to roll along the ground, and the other is built to fly! Both machines use similar materials, and both are made essentially from the same materials, but they each serve very different purposes.

The application. Man and animals share many similarities. Both have blood, skin, organs, bones, some sort of skin-covering, senses (sight, hearing, taste, smell, touch), both are mobile, both are made of cells, both breath, both move about, both have brains and a nervous system. Like motorbikes and airplanes, humans and animals seem to be made from the same things, but there is a huge difference once these similarities have been covered. Humans use written and spoken words to communicate, humans pray, humans are creative, and so on. While there are people who claim that animals do some of these things in comparatively limited ways, no animal has ever come close to the levels at which humans do some things. This should indicate that humans are, in some ways at least, not animals, or at the very least extremely advanced animals.

Another way of dealing with the question is to ask : Where did Man come from? The evolutionist would say "From random processes, over billions of years." The Creationist would say "From the Creator". The first answer is supported by conjectural science and no direct evidence. The second answer is supported by the Bible and all its statements can be tested - in the sense that what the Bible says is consistent with what we see.

The Biblical view of Man begins with Genesis 1:26, 27.

"And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them."

In this statement we have many things to consider. First we see that God is declaring His intention to create a living organism, which will be, in some way, like Himself. ( The word "God" = Elohim = the plural form of El. Here, in this plural form, we have the Father, Son and Holy Spirit working together). God says this new creature will be "in our image, after our likeness" - or similar to Him.

"Let them have dominion" means that God intended "man", i.e. male and female humans, to rule over, or supervise the animal kingdom.

So in just this one verse, we see that humans were created as superior to the whole animal kingdom. No other creatures were made in God’s image, or likeness. No animal was given dominion over Man. No animal was made to rule over the rest of Nature.

Before Adam and Eve sinned, this original plan of God worked perfectly. In order to emphasize Man’s role as lord of Creation, God brought the animals to Adam for him to name : "And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field;" Genesis 2:20.

(This verse also indicates that Adam had a massive intellect. Adam was also creative, cognitive, and he had broad imaginative abilities, a huge memory, and the ability to communicate using precise language).

Initially, Man worked in harmony with God, and Nature was at peace. Before sin entered the world, no animals were carnivorous, and the climate of the earth was mild. No rain (hail, snow or sleet) fell, and the weather was not erratic or violent. Genesis 1:29, 30,31, 2:5.



Some of the abilities which Man shared with God :.

1. Man could communicate clearly using verbal language,

2. Man could think for himself,

3. Man had a moral consciousness,

4. Man had a sense of Time,

5. Man was creative, inventive, imaginative.

6. Man was self-aware,

7. Man had responsibilities,

8. Man had free will morally.

God soon gave Adam and Eve an opportunity to exercise their freewill. He pointed out a fruit tree in the garden (or orchard) of Eden and told them not to eat it, on pain of death. But Adam and Eve were enticed by Satan (an exiled rebellious angel) to question God’s Word, and subsequently brought upon themselves the judgment they deserved.

But the implications were far wider than that. Because Adam and Eve were rulers over Creation, they and all their dominion came under the judgment. The whole Creation was degraded, or "cursed" or brought down from its perfection. The scientific expression is summed up in the 2nd law of Thermodynamics - the earth and the universe are presently ‘winding down’, wearing out, perishing, falling apart - "moving towards an increased state of randomness".

Instead of the perfection which God began the world with, imperfections began to appear. The weather changed, animals became carnivorous, harmless plants degenerated to produce thorns and poisonous fruits and berries, fruit trees degenerated, producing small and unpalatable fruit, aging set in to all life, sickness and death worked in all living things.

Scripture picks up this theme repeatedly, showing that death came after sin, and not before. (Evolutionists believe that death was a normal part of this world for millions of years. The choice is clear - either death came into the world before or after Adam).

"For since by man came death . . ."1 Corinthians 15:21

"For as in Adam all die . . ." 1 Corinthians 15:22

"Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:" Romans 5:12

"For if by one man's offense death reigned . . ." Romans 5:17;

"For the wages of sin is death . . ." Romans 6:23

"The sting of death is sin . . ." 1 Corinthians 15:56

One of the great hopes which the Bible holds out to humans is that one day the present state of affairs will pass. Aging, violence, sickness, droughts, famines, tornadoes, earthquakes, blizzards, tidal waves, ultraviolet radiation, pollution, mutations, genetic deformities, and all the horrors of this present world, (those things which are not caused directly by Man) will one day pass. The world we are living in today is temporary. The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics has been operating for only a few thousand years. One day it will no longer operate. Death, aging and sickness will be no more, as demonstrated by the resurrection of Jesus Christ. As C.S.Lewis put it, in regard to the resurrection "Death worked backwards". The 2nd law of Thermodynamics will be replaced by another Law, which will maintain all life at its optimum.

"For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us. (Christians)

For the earnest expectation (a sort of yearning) of the creature ( All Creation) waits for the manifestation (showing forth or revealing) of the sons of God. (When Christians finally perfected by God, Creation will also share in this transformation)

For the creature (All Creation) was made subject (cursed, or degraded) to vanity (futility), not willingly, but by reason of him who has subjected the same in hope, (God)

Because the creature (All Creation) itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption (The 2nd Law of thermodynamics) into the glorious liberty of the children of God.

For we know that the whole creation groans and travails in pain together until now.

And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body." Romans 8:18-23

All the above points about fallen Creation are relevant to this discussion because it is consistent with the evidence that Mankind is not perfect, and all the marks of a fallen or degraded Creation are present with us today.

The present evidence in today’s world matches perfectly with the testimony of the Bible. All Mankind is sinful, and inherently rebellious against God. All Mankind has inherited the rebellious nature of Adam and Eve, Mankind’s original parents. The history of Man is a history of rebellion and sin - or what we usually call immorality. Children have to be taught how to be "good" - never how to be "bad" because all humans have inherited Adam’s rebellious nature. Humans have also always had a sense of right and wrong, and through all of history and in every culture, all morals have been similar to the Ten Commandments. Moral consciousness is another evidence of God’s creative influence.

In the Bible, Man is often viewed with wonder. For example, Job asks God : "What is man, that you should magnify (or make so much of) him? And that you should set your heart upon him?" (Job 7:17) and King David asks : "What is man that you are mindful of him? And the son of man, that you visit him?" (Psalm 8:4) and "Lord, what is man, that you take knowledge of him! Or the son of man, that you take account of him!" (Psalm 144:3)

The problem of Jesus.

In Hebrews 2:6-9, the writer suddenly brings Jesus Christ into the picture : "You made him a little lower than the angels; you crowned him with glory and honour, and did set him over the works of your hands:

You have put all things in subjection under his feet . . . But now we see not yet all things put under him. But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man".

From the above scripture, we understand that while all Creation remains under the degrading principle, one Man, Jesus, has overcome this process of decay and disintegration and gone to heaven, where he waits for the moment when he can return and transform all the rest or Creation.

The strongest argument against evolution is the Man Jesus. If Man is an animal, there is no explaining Jesus. If Man is the product of evolution, where on earth does Jesus fit in? There is no place for him in the theory, because in every thing Jesus did and said, he contradicted every main teaching of evolution.

Philip Schaff in ‘The person of Christ’ (Page 73) wrote : "Such was Jesus of Nazareth, a true man in body, soul and spirit, yet differing from all men; a character unique and original from tender childhood to ripe manhood, moving in unbroken union with God, overflowing with love to man, free from every sin and error, innocent and holy, devoted to the nobles ends, teaching and practicing all virtues in perfect harmony, sealing the purest life with the most sublime death, and ever acknowledged such as the one and only perfect model of goodness and holiness."

According to eyewitness accounts recorded in the New Testament, Jesus worked miracles everywhere he went. He also fulfilled over 600 prophecies and predicted his own death and resurrection. Three days after he was crucified he came back to life, and again was seen by hundreds of eyewitnesses. Fifty days after his resurrection he rose into the sky, with the promise that he would return.

The gospel is the story of God’s love to fallen Man. Because all Mankind is guilty before God, God has done everything He can (except override Man’s free will) to rescue Man from the punishment which was pronounced on Adam and Eve, i.e. Death for sin. Jesus came and gave his own sinless life for all sinners. Through faith in Jesus, all people may now be saved, and not only that, but God also promises to end the deterioration of the universe, and restore it to the perfection of health and harmony it once enjoyed.

It is most logical therefore that Satan, the enemy of God, would want to destroy Man’s opportunity to be saved from sin. One of the ways in which Satan has succeeded in blinding people to God’s love is by concocting the theory of evolution, and through that theory he has spent much time inferring that humans are but the descendants of animals.


Is Man an animal?

No, according to the Bible, he is not. Yes, according to Darwin, he is, in fact Darwin’s Theory leads us to believe that Man and all animals are nothing more than collections of molecules and atoms clustered together by chance in a purposeless universe. Either the Bible is correct when it says that God created Man in His own image, or Darwin’s theory is correct which pictures Man as an ‘advanced’ ape.

There seems to be only one more thing to add. If God’s Word is correct, then all evolutionists are in for a terrible experience, when they have to explain why they rejected the Bible and the words of Jesus, and why they denied the evidence all around them.

Romans 1:18-20 "For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth (i.e. hold the truth down, or suppress it) in unrighteousness;

Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath showed it unto them.

For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:"

What these words mean is that Creation displays the handiwork of God. The Animal, Vegetable and Mineral Kingdoms, by their order, structure, design and so on, show clearly the Designer’s work, and therefore testify that life and the whole universe are not the product of blind chance. God has provided ample evidence that He exists, and that the universe is not empty.

As Paul said : "For it is written, "As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue confess to God" So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God". (Romans 14:11-12)

Back to Index Page